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Remodeling 101: A Guide to the Only 6 Kitchen Cabinet Styles You Need to Know

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Remodeling 101: A Guide to the Only 6 Kitchen Cabinet Styles You Need to Know

March 8, 2018

Type “cabinet styles” into Google Images (like we did) and you’ll get an array of glossy, dated-looking wood cabinets with ornate arches, louvered doors, some even with inset stained glass. But we believe in the trend-resistant kitchen cabinet—something that will remain timeless and ensure you won’t want to start fresh every few years. We favor a clean, streamlined aesthetic, without fancy carved wood or molding.

To make the selection a little easier, we’ve narrowed down the options. As far as we’re concerned, these are the only six cabinet styles you need to know: glass-front, Shaker-style, beadboard, flat-front, plywood, and natural (that is, unfinished) wood. We spoke with kitchen-design specialist Helen Parker, the creative director of UK-based kitchen company deVol, to get some insights; here’s what you need to know about each.

1. Shaker-Style Cabinets

A wall of Shaker-style cabinets in a Strawberry Hill kitchen in southwest London. Photograph courtesy of deVol.
Above: A wall of Shaker-style cabinets in a Strawberry Hill kitchen in southwest London. Photograph courtesy of deVol.
Shaker cabinets in a darker hue in deVol&#8
Above: Shaker cabinets in a darker hue in deVol’s Victoria Road kitchen. Photograph courtesy of deVol.

While many traditional styles have fallen from favor (we’re looking at you, Colonial!), Shaker-style cabinets have only gained in popularity, thanks to their minimalist but still distinctive look. (Case in point: See Remodeling 101: Shaker-Style Kitchen Cabinets.) Each Shaker-style door has five segments: vertical pieces on the sides called stiles, horizontal pieces on the top and bottom called rails, and a recessed panel in the middle. (More-traditional cabinet styles often have raised center panels.) Parker calls this “a classic, simple look that never really goes out of style.”

Pros:

  • “Shaker has a chameleon-like quality; it’s easy to style your own way,” says Parker. “Mix it with a concrete worktop and it becomes a bit industrial; add a wooden worktop and it becomes more country.”
  • As with glass-front cabinets, it’s quite acceptable to combine Shaker with flat-front styles.
  • Because they’re so popular, Shaker cabinets are widely available and can be reasonably priced—in fact, the best budget option is sold by Ikea.

Cons:

  • You’ll need to clean regularly to prevent dirt from collecting on the inset area.

2. Glass-Front Cabinets

A glass-front cabinet artfully displays ceramics in a kitchen in Queens Park, London. Photograph courtesy of deVol.
Above: A glass-front cabinet artfully displays ceramics in a kitchen in Queens Park, London. Photograph courtesy of deVol.

You may not choose to have glass fronts on every cabinet in your kitchen (especially the below-counter ones), but it’s OK to mix and match with, say, a flat-front style. Like a window, a single cabinet door can be made up of one or several panes of glass.

Pros:

  • “Glass-front cabinets always seem a little more special,” says Parker. “They have a lovely reflection, which helps in a darker room, and of course they’re great for displaying items you’re proud of.”
  • As kitchens tend to be dusty and greasy places, Parker points out that glass-front cabinets display ceramics and glassware but keep them more protected than open shelves.
  • Adding lights installed inside your glass-front cabinets will help brighten your kitchen—and also highlight what’s displayed.
  • Glass-front doors also let you add a design element inside the cabinets—say, installing beadboard in the back, or painting the interiors.

Cons:

  • There’s a downside to the display element: Since whatever’s inside is in open view, you must keep your shelves neat and tidy. That’s a good reason to have glass on only some of your cabinets—and put your best stuff in those. Or, choose frosted glass, for some opacity.
  • Be sure the glass is high quality; for safety’s sake you’ll need it to be durable.
  • Cleaning glass and wood is a two-step process. Dirt and dust can collect along the frames; glass is easily cleaned but will need a glass cleaner.
  • Glass-front cupboards are a little more expensive than wood, says Parker, as the glazing takes more time to fit and finish in the shop.

3. Beadboard Cabinets

Dark-hued beadboard cabinetry in In the Kitchen with Skye Gyngell, London’s Chef du Jour.
Above: Dark-hued beadboard cabinetry in In the Kitchen with Skye Gyngell, London’s Chef du Jour.
Beadboard can also serve as detailing inside cabinets, as seen with this wide-width beadboard in deVol&#8
Above: Beadboard can also serve as detailing inside cabinets, as seen with this wide-width beadboard in deVol’s St John’s Square showroom. Photograph courtesy of deVol.

Beadboard (sometimes also called tongue-and-groove; see Remodeling 101: The Ultimate Wood Paneling Guide with Jersey Ice Cream Co.) describes a type of construction in which vertical slats are fitted into each other. “It’s definitely not for someone trying to achieve a minimal and sleek look, as it’s detailed and textured,” says Parker.

Pros:

  • Depending on the finish, beadboard can give you a relaxed, cottage-style look with Scandinavian overtones. It adds an element of warmth—just as it does when used to cover a wall in a hall or mudroom.
  • Beadboard is available with “boards” in various widths. Do you want them around two inches, or wider? Consistent width, or varying widths for a more traditional look? Another common variation is a beadboard panel set in a stile-and-rail frame.
  • Today’s beadboard is often a solid piece of medium-density fiberboard, or MDF, milled to resemble pieces of wood fitted together. Sharp profiles in the grooves will make it look more like the real thing.
  • Beadboard can also be used inside cabinets; deVol often puts it the backs of cabinets, to add a subtle touch of detail.

Cons:

  • Beadboard requires careful cleaning, since the grooves can collect dirt and grease.
  • The cost of beadboard varies, depending on the type of wood and the construction used.

4. Flat-Front Cabinets

Flat-front cabinets with recessed pulls from kitchen-front company Koak Design. Read on in Ikea Kitchen Upgrade: 8 Custom Cabinet Companies for the Ultimate Kitchen Hack.
Above: Flat-front cabinets with recessed pulls from kitchen-front company Koak Design. Read on in Ikea Kitchen Upgrade: 8 Custom Cabinet Companies for the Ultimate Kitchen Hack.
Another set of flat-front cabinets in a more modern kitchen. See Kitchen of the Week: Oakland Family Kitchen by Medium Plenty.
Above: Another set of flat-front cabinets in a more modern kitchen. See Kitchen of the Week: Oakland Family Kitchen by Medium Plenty.

Flat-front doors, also called slab doors, are solid with no panels or other framing. It’s a simple, minimalist look that works well in any modern or contemporary kitchen. Flat-front doors are generally made from a single piece of plywood or MDF, which is either painted or covered with wood veneer.

Pros:

  • No cabinet is easier to clean or refinish than one with a flat front.
  • These make an excellent showcase for the hardware you choose (knobs, drawer pulls and the like).
  • Because of their simplicity, flat-front cabinets can be the least expensive, but it all depends on the type of wood used, the finished applied, the hardware, and more.

Cons:

  • Flat-front cabinets can look a little stark, but you can easily add interest by staining the wood or painting it. (They’re particularly easy to paint.)

5. Plywood Cabinets

Plywood cabinetry in a London kitchen by Simon Astridge; see Kitchen of the Week: An Artful, Honest Kitchen in North London.
Above: Plywood cabinetry in a London kitchen by Simon Astridge; see Kitchen of the Week: An Artful, Honest Kitchen in North London.
Under-counter plywood cabinets in Kitchen of the Week: Eclectic English Kitchen, Color Included. See also  Favorites: The Unexpected Appeal of Plywood.
Above: Under-counter plywood cabinets in Kitchen of the Week: Eclectic English Kitchen, Color Included. See also 10 Favorites: The Unexpected Appeal of Plywood.

Many cabinets—both front and interior—are constructed of plywood, but designers are beginning to appreciate the wood not only for its functional merits but also for its beauty. “Plywood has this very organic and warm quality that makes a space feel cozy and inviting,” says Swedish architect Björn Förstberg, of Förstberg Ling, who uses plywood in many of his projects. (See our full conversation with him here: Remodeling 101: A Plywood Primer.)

Pros:

  • Unlike lumber, plywood won’t warp, shrink, or expand. Plus, it’s incredibly strong and durable.
  • A clear finish will bring out the grain of plywood on your cabinets and add to its appeal. “The natural, never-repeating patterns are hard to get tired of,” says Förstberg. “Plywood is like a fine marble; nature does it best.”

Cons:

  • Be sure you choose a good-quality and sturdy type of plywood. Still, it’s inexpensive compared to “furniture board,” though it does cost more than MDF, which isn’t as strong.

6. Natural (Unfinished) Wood Cabinets

Unfinished wood (and glass) cabinets at deVol&#8
Above: Unfinished wood (and glass) cabinets at deVol’s Sebastian Cox Cotes Mill showroom. Photograph courtesy of deVol.

At first glance it may sound like a recipe for disaster: unfinished wood in a kitchen? But homeowners who opt for this look like the informal, summer-cottage look, and the patina acquired with use.

Pros:

  • Unfinished wood is the least expensive choice. And if you decide you don’t like the appearance, you can easily swap out (or finish) the doors.

Cons:

  • Don’t install unfinished wood cabinets unless your kitchen has an effective venting system (open windows just won’t cut it).
  • Even if you like the unfinished look, it’s wise to choose a flat varnish or other finish that will keep grease and moisture from infiltrating the wood. “We use beech for our Sebastian Cox line, adding a varnish to highlight its beauty, retain its natural look, and keep it from getting dirty,” says Parker. “It’s lovely for people who like an organic feel to their kitchen and it’s easy to clean. Since there are no colors to contend with, it goes with anything.”

More to consider:

Cabinet prices vary widely, depending on the quality of the wood, the finish, and the style. When you’re browsing cabinet styles, there are also many functional features to consider, and they all affect the final price tag: Are drawers available? How about wine racks or specialized fittings, like spice drawers? What hardware is used to install them (such as hinges and sliding mechanisms)? What material is on the inside? Then there’s how you customize the look: the type of wood; the color, stain, or finish; the handles and knobs. Selecting the style is just the beginning, but it sets the groundwork.

And, if you do ever tire of your beadboard or Shaker cabinets, the styles are simple enough that replacing the doors can be a fast and easy way to update your kitchen, as long as the cabinets themselves are still in good shape.

Read on for more considerations in the kitchen:

Finally, get more ideas on how to evaluate and choose kitchen cabinetry and hardware in our Remodeling 101 Guide: Kitchen Cabinets & Hardware.

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