In addition to linen and cotton, wool is one of our tried-and-true, go-to textiles for all over the house. It’s both hardy (as in a dependable wool rug) and luxurious (as in soft sheepskin blankets), and we love the way it looks in all its forms. But wool has other benefits: it’s eco-friendly, water-resistant, antibacterial, and could even help you sleep better. And, it’s the traditional gift for wedding anniversary number seven (in case you want to drop any hints). Here’s what to know about this all-purpose material:
1. It’s been around for millennia.
Weaving wool is an ancient practice: the oldest known woven wool textile in Europe was found preserved in a Danish bog, and is estimated to date from 1500 BCE.
2. It doesn’t always come from sheep.
Though we commonly think of wool being made from sheep, when they’re sheared in spring, the wide category of “wool” actually includes textiles made from the fur of alpacas, llamas, camels, goats, and other animals. Cashmere and mohair (both from goats) are types of wool, as is angora.
3. It wicks moisture.
Fan found out, when she ordered a wool dish-drying mat, that wool is naturally water-resistant (that’s why she dubbed it her life-changing dish drying mat). She noted that, as she says, “when you place just-washed items on the mat, you can actually see drops of water resting on top of the wool.” And: “Whatever water it absorbs eventually evaporates. The mat never feels soggy.” That’s because wool fibers both repel and absorb moisture: the exterior of the fibers is water resistant, but the interior can absorb a huge amount—30 percent of its weight. This makes it a great choice for dish drying mats, bedding, and socks alike: whatever moisture is absorbed will be released, keeping the wearer or sleeper comfortably cool and dry.
4. It has antibacterial properties.
Because wool doesn’t hold moisture, it’s less likely to be a breeding ground for bacteria, mildew, mites, and other unpleasantries: enough to convince us to invest in wool mattress toppers immediately.
5. It’s flame-resistant.
Wool is more flame-resistant than many other fibers; if it does catch fire, it chars and burns out, rather than melting or spreading the flames. This makes it the required choice for carpets on trains and airplanes, as well as for firemen’s uniforms and army blankets.
6. And, it’s biodegradable.
Wool is completely biodegradable, and a renewable resource: sheared sheep, and other animals, will regrow their coats.
7. Itchy? You need a finer wool.
Many people associate wool with itchiness, maybe even a runny nose—and may think they’re allergic to it. But actual allergies to wool are rare; most likely the itchiness is an aversion to thicker wool fibers, and a runny nose is a reaction to dust mites caught in the wool. Source finer wools and shake and air out your woolens frequently to help.
8. It’s used in pianos and baseballs.
Among its other characteristics, wool absorbs sound, which is why it’s used to cover the tiny hammers inside of a piano, as well as in some sound systems and speakers. And baseballs are packed with wool so that they can withstand the impact of a fast-swinging bat.
9. It rarely needs to be washed.
Because of wool’s antibacterial properties, wool pretty much takes care of itself. Says Kellen Tucker, owner of Sharktooth, a Brooklyn store specializing in vintage textiles: “When clients ask how to wash wool, my impulse is to say, ‘Please don’t.’ Wool is an incredibly resilient fiber, but it requires the gentlest handling in water and is often best left alone.” Most of the time, a simple shake, air-out, and spot clean works wonders. But if you must wash your woolens, read how to treat them with the gentlest of care in Expert Advice: How to Clean Woolen Blankets, 5 Tips.
10. It could help you sleep better.
Because it regulates moisture and heat, advocates say sleeping under a wool blanket—or on it—results in better sleep: keeping hot sleepers cool, cold sleepers warm, and preventing middle-of-the-night wake-ups. Curious to give it a try (or already a proponent)? Let us know in the comments.
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