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Remodeling 101: Why Kitchen Islands Are Ruining America’s Kitchens


Remodeling 101: Why Kitchen Islands Are Ruining America’s Kitchens

December 27, 2018

In her monthly column for the Wall Street Journal, Gardenista editor Michelle tackles matters in interiors (even when her take is controversial: See her piece on embracing a little clutter). In this case, she battles against the kitchen island. Here’s the piece; see the original via the Wall Street Journal.

michelle&#8\2\17;s mill valley, california, kitchen, with a dining table in 17
Above: Michelle’s Mill Valley, California, kitchen, with a dining table in place of the island. Photograph by Mimi Giboin for Remodelista, from Kitchen Storage: A Drawer for Cutting Boards.

A thousand years from now, archeologists sifting through the rubble will be able to identify early 21st-century homes by their kitchens. The kitchen island will be as recognizable an artifact as the Doric column. But they won’t find one in my kitchen in Mill Valley, California.

When I remodeled recently, I wanted an airy kitchen with white-tiled walls, a big window over the sink and a human-scale table, the kind where my grandmother sat when she chopped onions and where families gathered convivially—before the whole world turned into something that looks like a sports bar. But little did I know that dark forces would try to persuade me to incorporate a hulking Brutalist monolith designed to house a second sink and a spare dishwasher no one needs.

“Where’s the island?” my husband asked, poring over the blueprints at a meeting with the architect. “Where will we put the Cuisinart, the KitchenAid—my immersion blender, for God’s sake?”

He turned accusingly to the architect, Mark Fischbach.

“All my clients are asking for islands,” Fischbach said, tossing the live grenade back to me.

“We’ll have plenty of storage without an island,” I said, putting my finger on the spot where a wall of cabinets would go.

photograph by mimi giboin for remodelista, from kitchen storage: 18
Above: Photograph by Mimi Giboin for Remodelista, from Kitchen Storage: A Drawer for Cutting Boards.

“What about undercounter wine storage?” my husband asked. “A separate freezer drawer? A trash compactor?”

“A trash compactor?” I replied. “Where do you come up with these things?”

Kitchens have gotten too complicated—and the island isn’t helping. In simpler, less cluttered times, kitchens had a cutting board, a knife, some onions—and a table where you could sit and chop them before tossing them into a pan with a little butter. This gave Americans everything we needed to fill the house with a lovely smell to reassure everyone that dinner was pending.

The kitchen has evolved from a humble household room to become the main public space in the house. I love that about the kitchen. But I don’t see how having a monstrous, multipurpose, built-in storage bin makes it a better family, entertainment or work area. The kids are better off doing homework at a table than banging their knees against an island. Drop-in guests can be more easily put to work at an elevation where their feet don’t dangle and lose circulation. And cooks of an average height (like, say, me), get more leverage rolling out dough on a 30-inch-high table than on a 36-inch-high island.

plenty of storage, even without an island. photograph by mimi giboin from  19
Above: Plenty of storage, even without an island. Photograph by Mimi Giboin from What’s Inside: The Stealth Utility Closet.

Sadly, I know I am in the minority (for now) on this design issue. Among renovating homeowners, a built-in island is the most sought-after kitchen feature after pantry cabinets, according to a 2017 Houzz kitchen trends survey of 2,707 people. Demand is so high that celebrity chefs are jumping into the game. Rachael Ray, Paula Deen, and Trisha Yearwood all have furniture collections that include freestanding islands, which, like higher-end versions of the Ikea cart,  are designed to add instant storage. “Rachael Ray’s island has functional features such as a ‘well’ on the work surface, so you can scrape bits and pieces into it,” says Patricia Bowling, a spokeswoman for the American Home Furnishings Association in High Point, North Carolina.

The island trend, which started gathering momentum in the 1980s, is the latest in a long list of design fads to hit the kitchen during its transition from scullery to showroom. The idea of the kitchen as a designed space dates to the introduction in 1898 of the Hoosier cabinet, which with its clever cubbies and worktop was marketed as the first all-in-one cook’s prep space.  Between then and now, checkered linoleum floors, chrome dinette sets, and massive hanging pot racks all had their moment.

Decades of affluence and an increase in the average American home’s size (which grew to 2,466 square feet in 2017) have created a fertile environment for the kitchen island. “It grew along with the mega-mansion movement,” says Dallas architect Bob Borson. As walls started to disappear and “open” kitchens began to bleed into living rooms, Borson’s clients started asking for islands to delineate spaces. “I am trying to remember the last time I did a kitchen that didn’t have an island—and I can’t think one,” he says.

Islands are so ubiquitous that they are rewriting the rules of kitchen design. “We used to design around the three points on a work triangle—the refrigerator, stove, and sink,” says Elle H-Millard, a Pennsylvania-based kitchen designer and a trends specialist for the National Kitchen and Bath Association. But these days she’s designing more kitchens in which all the appliances are built into an island: “With an under-counter refrigerator, a cooktop, and a sink, you can place the three points in a linear path instead of a triangle. An island lets you work in a very small footprint.”

no island in sight. photograph by mimi giboin for remodelista, from&# 20
Above: No island in sight. Photograph by Mimi Giboin for Remodelista, from Kitchen Storage: A Drawer for Cutting Boards.

Not everybody considers a dining table a dinosaur, however. In a big kitchen, homeowners want both an island and a dining table these days, architects and designers say. “There’s a casual aspect to the island but there’s a more relaxed and intimate air to meals shared at the table,” says Steven Gdula, author of The Warmest Room in the House: How the Kitchen Became the Heart of the 20th-Century American Home (Bloomsbury: 2008).

In the end, our architect brokered a settlement in the Kitchen War:  My husband got a dedicated nook for his cappuccino maker and coffee bean grinder. And I got my table—sans island. With a reclaimed elm tabletop, its distressed look is impervious to stains, spills, and the occasional scorch mark. And the table’s metal frame has wheels, tempting us to wheel it outdoors, where we eat on the patio in nice weather. We can seat eight comfortably in caned wooden chairs—and 12 when we bring up from the basement a folding extension my husband built. If we need it, we drag out the piano bench for two people to share.

See more of Michelle’s Domestic Dispatches:

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Frequently asked questions

What is the purpose of a kitchen island?

A kitchen island serves multiple purposes in a kitchen. It provides additional countertop space for food preparation, a gathering area for family and friends, extra storage in the form of cabinets or drawers, and can accommodate appliances like a sink or a cooktop.

Are kitchen islands necessary?

Kitchen islands are not necessary, but they can be highly beneficial in terms of functionality and aesthetics. They offer additional workspace and storage, enhance the overall kitchen design, and can serve as a focal point in the room.

Are kitchen islands practical for small kitchens?

Kitchen islands can be practical for small kitchens if designed and planned properly. It's important to consider the available space and ensure that the island doesn't impede the flow of movement in the kitchen. In some cases, a smaller-sized island or a portable kitchen cart may be more suitable for limited spaces.

Can a kitchen island ruin the overall design of a kitchen?

A poorly designed or improperly placed kitchen island can disrupt the flow and functionality of a kitchen, potentially affecting the overall design. However, when planned thoughtfully, a kitchen island can enhance the aesthetics and functionality of the space.

How can I determine the right size for a kitchen island?

The size of a kitchen island depends on the available space and the intended purpose. As a general guideline, there should be a minimum of 42-48 inches of space around the island to allow for comfortable movement. It's important to consider the overall kitchen layout and ensure the island doesn't overcrowd the area.

What are some alternatives to a permanent kitchen island?

If a permanent kitchen island is not suitable for your space, there are alternative options available. You can consider a portable kitchen cart with wheels that can be moved around as needed. Additionally, a peninsula or a breakfast bar attached to a wall can provide a similar function without the need for a freestanding island.

Should a kitchen island have seating?

Adding seating to a kitchen island can create a casual dining area and serve as a gathering spot. However, it's important to ensure that there is enough space for seating without overcrowding the kitchen. The decision to include seating depends on the available space and individual preferences.

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