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Required Reading: How They Decorated, Inspiration from Great Women of the 20th Century

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Required Reading: How They Decorated, Inspiration from Great Women of the 20th Century

July 17, 2017

Flicking through a vintage magazine can start well: the fabulous cover, the glamorous ads. But all too soon attention wanders, until finally—color!—in the form of wonderful photos of the freshly decorated home of someone with six names. Fortunately, the renowned blogger and design detective P. Gaye Tapp has done the hard work for us, collecting her findings from a lifetime of magazine flicking in a charming book: How They Decorated: Inspiration from Great Women of the 20th Century.

Photography by Jim Powell for Remodelista.

lesley blanch&#8\2\17;s house in the south of france, photographed by henr 9
Above: Lesley Blanch’s house in the south of France, photographed by Henry Clarke for House & Garden.

An aphorism of Gloria Vanderbilt sets the tone: “Decorating is autobiography.” This is amply illustrated by the lifestyle of the extravagantly nomadic author Lesley Blanch (1904-2007). Her hobbies included embroidery; as she moved from house to house, she depicted her travels on cushions, scattering every surface with them: “Ah! Needlework,” she cried, “thy name is nostalgia.”

Like several of the women in this book, Blanch (best known for her book The Wilder Shores of Love) decorated herself and her houses with equal enthusiasm, “often matching the color of her wardrobe to a particular room,” notes Tapp. Blanch was an enthusiastic shopper, carrying everything, snail-like, from one continent to the next.

gabrielle van zuylen&#8\2\17;s house in normandy, photographed by horst p. 10
Above: Gabrielle van Zuylen’s house in Normandy, photographed by Horst P. Horst.

Each entry in How They Decorated begins with full name, life span (uniformly long), and a potential epitaph: “The glamorous Gabrielle Andrée Iglesias Valayas van Zuylen (1933-2010) lived in a rarefied world of haute luxe.” By the end we know that van Zuylen also became an accomplished gardener under the tutelage of British landscaper Russell Page (who had a similar effect on Marella Agnelli) and wrote a definitive volume, The Gardens of Russell Page. Indoors, once van Zuylen had spotted the work of François Catroux in New York, she knew she’d found the perfect collaborator for her modern rooms in Paris and Normandy.

&#8\2\20;cozy for two people, magnificent for thirty,&#8\2\2\1; van zuy 11
Above: “Cozy for two people, magnificent for thirty,” van Zuylen’s description of her Paris apartment.

Van Zuylen was vehemently anti-clutter; she took old places and gave them streamlined, almost futuristic interiors. Yet in her Paris bedroom the opposite was true, a final refuge for personal photos, Louis Quatorze chairs, and chintz. As van Zuylen said, “The whole key—in clothes, in life—is contrast and variety.”

dominique de menil designed the heptagonal ottoman for her philip johnson house 12
Above: Dominique de Menil designed the heptagonal ottoman for her Philip Johnson house. The polished black floors and dark gray wall were the work of couturier Charles James. Photographed by Marc Riboud.

Dominique Schlumberger de Menil (1908-1997) was an art collector and social reformer, with her husband Baron Jean de Menil. They lived part-time in a house designed by Philip Johnson in Houston, Texas. Having rejected the suggestions of the architect, Dominique appointed her favorite clothes designer as her decorator: Charles James. It was his only house assignment. “Charlie was impossible,” she later said. “But all that mattered was that he was a genius.”

inside georgia o&#8\2\17;keeffe&#8\2\17;s ranch in abiquiu, new mexico. 13
Above: Inside Georgia O’Keeffe’s ranch in Abiquiu, New Mexico. Photographed for House & Garden in the 1960s, by Balthazar Korab.

Is there anything about the long-lived Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986) that we don’t know? And yet, further documentation is always welcome. She was most definitely an artist, not a decorator, and would have had a quarrel with her inclusion in this book, though it is ostensibly about great women. O’Keeffe is the greatest of the great women and her ultra-simple style has proved the most timeless. She founded Ghost Ranch when married to the photographer Alfred Stieglitz and would rent it every summer, as her solitary retreat. After the death of Stieglitz, she persuaded the owner to sell, so that she could develop the series of buildings to better suit her work and her ideas. Ghost Ranch had nothing to do with fashion, or decorators, or art dealers: It was an expression of O’Keeffe’s inner life and art.

the room above left was photographed in the \1960s. by the \1970s, o&#8\2\1 14
Above: The room above left was photographed in the 1960s. By the 1970s, O’Keeffe had reduced her interior palette considerably, to earth colors.

As well as classic modernist accessories, such as an Eames chair and a mobile by Alexander Calder, O’Keeffe chose unexpected black patent leather curtains for her bedroom (above right).

pauline trigère&#8\2\17;s house la tortue (the tortoise) in westchester, n 15
Above: Pauline Trigère’s house La Tortue (The Tortoise) in Westchester, New York. Photographed by Richard Champion.

By way of contrast, clothes designer Pauline Trigère (1908-2002) expressed her sense of self in a way that seems rather outrageous now, and very much of its time (the 1970s and 1980s). “Every inch of Trigère’s second guest room at La Tortue, the designer’s country house in Westchester County, New York, was covered in a signature Trigère print.” Except, mercifully, the ceiling.

how they decorated: inspiration from great women of the \20th century (rizzoli) 16
Above: How They Decorated: Inspiration from Great Women of the 20th Century (Rizzoli) is $34.43 from Amazon.
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