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Domestic Science: How to Polish and Clean Silver

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Domestic Science: How to Polish and Clean Silver

November 14, 2018

When I was a little girl, my grandmother would solicit my help polishing the holiday silver. Making tarnished things shiny and sparkly? I was so on board.

Nowadays, this busy adult is a little less enthused. The Internet was quick to offer a plethora of easy DIY solutions. Unfortunately, if one is to believe the excoriating remarks left in the Comments sections, about 99 percent of them can actually damage your silver.

Researching the matter further, here is what I gleaned: If you’re going to invest in silver, you also need to invest the time to care for it properly. But if you do so, maintaining your silver is not as hard as you think.

Basic Silver Care

 tarnish is formed when silver is exposed to chemicals in the air or food, 9
Above: Tarnish is formed when silver is exposed to chemicals in the air or food, namely sulfur, which bond with the silver to form a yellowish brown coating.

As with football, when it comes to silver, the best offense is a good defense. Tarnish requires rubbing to remove it. This not only exposes your precious silver to potential scratches, the process actually removes trace amounts of the silver. Fortunately, with proper care, polishing can be kept to a minimum.

How to use silver:

Here’s the good news: the most important tip for keeping silver polished is to use it. Silver that is used and washed daily doesn’t tarnish. So upgrade your everyday and get out the silver.

How to handle silver:

Because silver is a very soft metal, any excessive rubbing, handling, scrubbing, or even polishing will wear and mar the finish, so always handle and treat silver with care. Any scratch or dent will make an excellent repository for more tarnish.

How to wash silver:

 always wash silver by hand and dry immediately. 10
Above: Always wash silver by hand and dry immediately.

Food further exposes silver to elements that accelerate tarnishing. Therefore, you should always hand-wash silver immediately after use. Here’s how:

  • Gather dirty silver into a napkin or cloth; don’t let it rattle around on the bottom of the sink where it can get scratched.
  • Using a phosphate-free soap to avoid spotting, gently wash with a soft cotton cloth or sponge. Never scrub or use an abrasive scrubber.
  • Dry silver immediately with a soft cotton cloth.
  • Avoid lemon-scented soaps. Acid is not good for the silver.
  • Never put silver in the dishwater, as heat and harsh detergents can cause pitting and can actually wear off the silver and/or the patina.

How to Store Silver

special silver cloths like this one are available at places such as the silver 11
Above: Special silver cloths like this one are available at places such as The Silver Superstore.

Proper storage minimizes silver’s exposure to tarnishing elements.

  • Store your silver in specially made silver cloth, which is designed to absorb sulfur. You can also buy flat cloths to line drawers. Be aware that as these absorb more sulfites and chlorides they will become less effective. You can also wrap your silver in acid-free tissue paper and store it in an air-tight ziplock bag.
  • If you actually want to look at your silver, its best to display it in a glass-fronted cabinet, which will minimize exposure to the air and other tarnishing elements.
  • Store with china and glass, not with plastic, wood, or fabrics.
  • You can also place anti-tarnish agents such as Silver-Guard Anti-Tarnish Blocks or 3M Anti-Tarnish Paper in cabinets and drawers, which absorb and neutralize the sulfide vapors in an enclosed environment.

How to Polish Silver

using proper equipment greatly cuts down on the time it takes to polish silver. 12
Above: Using proper equipment greatly cuts down on the time it takes to polish silver.

Supplies

  • Phosphate-free, non-lemon scented soap
  • Soft cloth to cover you work surface
  • Gentle cotton cloth, or cotton balls or swabs, for cleaning
  • For tougher jobs, a soft, natural-bristle brush
  • A mild commercial cleaner. Silver restorer Jeffrey Herman offers a handy list of Silver Polish Abrasion Rates.
  • Untreated cotton, latex, or nitrile gloves
  • Renaissance wax (optional)

Instructions

1. Prep your work area. Choose a well-ventilated room. Protect your work surface and the silver with a soft cloth or rag—I like to use an old terry-cloth towel. Wear latex gloves.

2. Clean the silver. Before applying polish, clean the silver with a natural bristle brush or soft cotton or flannel cloth. If necessary, wash off any old polish with a mild, phosphate-free soap and water. For candlesticks, be sure to remove any wax. I simply pour boiling water over the candlestick to melt the wax.

If applicable, protect any wood or bone parts by sealing them with Renaissance wax.

there are so many polishes out there, it&#8\2\17;s hard to know which to ch 13
Above: There are so many polishes out there, it’s hard to know which to choose. For help, you can refer to silver restorer Jeffrey Herman’s Silver Polish Abrasion Ratings.

3. Choose a polish. Always start with the most minimally invasive approach by selecting the least noxious and abravise polish you can find. I chose Hagerty’s Silver Foam, which was recommended by many experts. It cleaned even my most tarnished silver well and gives off minimal fumes.

Avoid polishes with harsh chemicals such as ammonia. Liquid cream polishes are better. Never use old polish that has dried out. Avoid chemical dips, which strip the manufacturer’s patina and/or can cause pitting.

use cotton balls to polish. 14
Above: Use cotton balls to polish.

4. Polish it. Using a soft cotton ball or soft cotton cloth (not a dust rag with fibers that can get stuck in the designs) apply a minimal amount of polish. Rub gently in a circular motion. I found cotton balls to be the most effective and efficient. For hard-to-reach areas, such as the tines of a fork, a cotton swab works well. If tarnish is really dark or if your item has deep etchings, you may need to use a natural brush to gently work the polish in. Work in small areas at a time, wiping away excess polish. Try not to let the polish dry on silver as this can scratch the surface.

5. Rinse and dry. Rinse your piece thoroughly with warm water to remove any excess polish. Immediately dry with a clean cotton rag.

with the right tools, it only took me an hour to polish this collection of sil 15
Above: With the right tools, it only took me an hour to polish this collection of silver, and I spent most of that time on the highly tarnished and detailed teapot. Individual pieces of flatware took less than a minute each.

Commercial Silver Polish vs. DIY

many manufacturers apply a desirable patina to their silver, which highlights t 16
Above: Many manufacturers apply a desirable patina to their silver, which highlights the designs and relief.

Everyone loves to DIY, especially when led to believe they can use more “natural” and economical products found at home to replace harmful chemical solutions. But in the case of silver, if there was one consistency in all the research it was this: Resist home remedies.

Catsup, toothpaste, and cornstarch either don’t work or they contain salts or acid that is either corrosive to silver or can scratch and damage the surface.

One of worst DIY offenders is the oft-touted miracle cure which combines boiling water, baking soda, and aluminum foil. Yes, it quickly removes the tarnish, but it also strips the beloved patina. Plus, leaving silver in this solution too long can cause it to become pitted.

My recommendation for those looking to minimize the use of commercial cleaners is to follow proper methods of care and use outlined above. Another option is to use silver restorer Jeffrey Herman’s mild, “earth-friendly” alternative called Herman’s Simply Clean Collector’s Silver Polish.

Die-hard DIYers can try the method professionals use: mixing precipitated calcium carbonate with deionized water to form a thick paste.

you&#8\2\17;ll note that i did not attempt to remove all the tarnish; i li 17
Above: You’ll note that I did not attempt to remove all the tarnish; I like the way the darker areas highlight the detailed design.

Silver Care Cheat Sheet

Do:

  • Use your silver as much as possible, but always wash and dry right away.
  • Store your silver in silver cloth or in closed cabinets along with china or glass.
  • Polish at the first sign of tarnish.
  • Polish with a mild professionally developed product or precipitated calcium carbonate mixed with deionized water.
  • Clean with cotton balls or soft cotton cloth.

Don’t:

  • Clean your silver using homemade recipes, especially anything with acids or salts.
  • Scrub with plastics or wiry bristles.
  • Put your silverware in the dishwasher.
  • Use chemical dips.

More in Domestic Science:

N.B. This post is an update; the original story ran on November 11, 2016.

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