When Christopher Columbus set out to find Japan in 1492, he might have discovered futons, but instead he found the Bahamas and hammocks. The name came from a word meaning "fish net," and the West Indians made their hammocks out of sisal, suspending them between trees to avoid being bitten by snakes and other creatures that like to chomp on humans and spread disease. Columbus brought several examples back to Europe, and eventually the Royal Navy did away with traditional berths in favor of this new kind of bed. The naval hammock was made of canvas with enough fabric to wrap the sailor in a cocoon as he slept, preventing him from falling out. The hammock rocked with the movement of the ship, and was easily stowed during the day.
From here, the story takes a Huckleberry Finn turn: Cap'n Josh was a riverboat captain in 19th century South Carolina. He found the canvas hammock too hot for the sultry Southern nights, and the rope hammock too scratchy, so he set about improving the details. Using a smooth cotton rope, he devised a double lattice, and then he plucked some slats from an oak barrel and created a spreader bar. This changed the shape of the hammock entirely and gave us the Pawleys Island Hammock, a classic American design still woven on Pawleys Island. These days, it's one of many notable options for use indoors or out, on land and sea, made of rope or cotton. Here are five favorites:
Above: The classic American cotton rope hammock, created by Cap' Josh and available from the company he founded, Pawleys Island Hammocks, for $159.99.
Above: The Maritime Brazil Cotton Hammock resembles the unstructured hammock adopted by the Royal Navy. It's available at Novica for $67.49.
Above: A rope hammock remains pristine when kept indoors. This one is off the coast of Sicily; photograph via The Travel Files.
Above: A striped Cotton Hammock with Spreader Bar made in Austria; €206 ($226.20) at Manufactum.
Object Lessons columnist Megan Wilson is the owner of Ancient Industries and curator of the Remodelista 100 presented in the Remodelista book. Have a look at her past lessons on the Eames Lounge Chair, Atlas Pepper Mill, and Sheila Maid Clothes Drying Rack.